By: Aeneas Lavinium
Mercury – Messenger of the gods, a role now assumed by the legacy media on behalf of their paymasters. Perhaps Mercury had a greater level of journalistic integrity?
Recently the despicable mass murderer Anders Bering Breivik wrote a letter. In it he explained his motivations behind his heinous crime and what he hoped it would achieve. The contents of this letter have not been widely reported by the legacy media despite their previous frenzied interest in his case – why?
Perhaps they are embarrassed about the ridiculous and unfounded conclusions that they previously reached. Perhaps this murderer’s actions served the interests of the journalists and those who employ them and they want to keep that under wraps! Whatever their motivations the legacy media aided and abetted Breivik in achieving some of his political goals! Their actions have not only undermined basic freedoms in our democratic societies, they worsened the plight of victims of sharia across the world.
After the tragedy of Utoya, the legacy media mounted a witch hunt against any and all people who had raised concerns about the impact of sharia on human rights. They undertook this task with alacrity and glee and did not let any facts get in the way of a good story. It has now being revealed that Breivik himself manipulated the legacy media into this course of action.
Not only did they ruin the lives of human rights activists campaigning for justice for sharia’s victims, they deliberately put those lives in mortal danger. In addition they encouraged the continued human rights violations that continue to take place around the world with even greater impunity. Their actions could be described as reckless endangerment on a massive scale.
Now the truth is out do they try to put things right? No, they ignore the story because it does not serve their interests. By doing this they demonstrate an ingrained contempt for the truth.
Last year in the United Kingdom in response to a Royal Charter for press regulation, the media barons pleaded the case that freedom of the press was essential in a democratic society. The point they seemed to miss was that it is in fact freedom of expression that is essential in a democratic society. This is something that they the press have repeatedly conspired to undermine. Their post Brevik witch hunt demonstrates this fact – the witch hunt was based on sleaze, innuendo, and internet tittle-tattle rather than facts. The witch hunt had a chilling impact of freedom of expression and freedom in general. Rather than been a guarantor of freedom the legacy media appear to have become its most potent enemies.
It is time for the legacy media to make amends while at the same time restoring the integrity of their profession. It is time for them to admit they got things wrong and to apologise to all those innocent people that it wronged. It can do this with reference to the Brevik letter that outlines his real motivations. The media witch hunt against those speaking up for victims of sharia was both wicked and politically motivated. With regard to this they need to start speaking out on behalf of victims of sharia and to condemn the spread of norms and practices that lead to human rights abuses.
Whether the legacy media has a conscience or not, and whether it wants to restore its battered reputation or not, a large part of the letter referred to above can be found on the website Gates of Vienna. We have chosen to publish the article below:
Two weeks ago we published a translated article from Expo (the original is here) in which Anders Behring Breivik repudiated all association with the Counterjihad. In a letter sent out to various email outlets, the Butcher of Utøya told the world that his purported admiration for Fjordman, Robert Spencer, Bat Ye’or, et al. had just been a ruse on his part, and that his real ideological commitment was to what he calls “ethno-nationalism” or “nordicism”. He had embraced the Counterjihad in order to damage it, and to draw attention away from his allies among white nationalists and neo-Nazis.
Strangely enough, no media outlet except for the far-left Swedish foundation Expo published this portion of Mr. Breivik’s missive. Other sources — reportedly including The Wall Street Journal, Die Welt, Dagbladet, ABC Nyheter, and Ekstra Bladet — wrote about his claim that he had been tortured in prison. But none of them thought to mention that the killer had said he was just kidding about his ideological alignment with Islam-critics — an undetermined number of whom have been harassed, threatened, fired, defunded, and exiled for “inspiring” the madman’s massacre.
Funny about that.
Expo had only published excerpts from Mr. Breivik’s letter. I was curious to see the entire text, and spent some time searching for it online. The process was made more difficult by the fact that the original letter was said to be in English, but the published excerpts existed only in Swedish translation. Our Scandinavian contacts were all but certain that the full text of the letter had never been published on the Internet.
Thanks to the diligent efforts of one of our Scandinavian readers, I was able to obtain the entire text of the “ideological” portion of Anders Behring Breivik’s letter. The first half of the text — the part that contains his assertions of being tortured in prison — was apparently imaged separately, and the PDF that was sent to us was devoted solely to an explanation of the ethno-nationalist motives for his actions.
Mr. Breivik’s letter was actually written last September, but for unknown reasons was embargoed by the Norwegian prison authorities until earlier this month. Then, when it was finally sent, all media outlets but one chose to bury those portions of the text that would destroy the “narrative” they had so painstakingly crafted over the past two and a half years.
If there were any honesty and decency left among journalists, they would have immediately issued an apology for their previous blindness and stupidity, and a retraction of all the stories in which they had so faithfully promoted a false explanation for the deeds of a mass killer — just as the murderer himself had intended.
But honesty and decency do not have any place in modern journalism. This follow-up on the events of July 22 2011 has been buried, and will never be exhumed, not if the legacy media can help it.
The “ideological” portion of Breivik’s letter was sent to us as a six-page PDF file, the final page of which was blank. The contents were entirely image-based; that is, there was no text that could be copied and extracted. I printed all five pages, scanned them, ran them through OCR software, and corrected all the errors I could find.
The resulting text is reproduced at the end of this post. Our publication of the entire document serves as the due diligence that the MSM entirely neglected to perform: we are providing the public with the raw text, which they may read for themselves.
I expect that we will be accused of aiding a mass killer in his efforts to propagate his unhinged ideas. Yet our readers deserve more credit than that: they are capable of reading and evaluating what Mr. Breivik has to say and making their own informed judgment. They will easily discover that the murderer espouses a fringe ideology, one that is essentially trivial.
Unlike his “manifesto” (which he, interestingly enough, refers to as “the compendium”), the letter seems to be written with a single authorial voice. As I made my way through it, I found myself assessing the ideas — “Hmm, this seems true.” “This is nonsense!” etc. — just as I would with any other writer’s conclusions.
Then I would encounter a sentence like this one:
22/7 was an attempt to force these 20 editors, and their colleagues in the other 12 nordic countries into dialogue with their countrys nordicist-movements (you call them Nazi-movements).
…or this one:
As for my efforts to try to force the editors and ruling politicians in each of the 13 nordic countries into dialogue with the nordicist-movements, I failed miserably, not surprisingly.
… and I would be brought up short, brutally reminded of the nature of the mentality that had written those words.
No one in his right mind believes that the mass-murder of dozens of unarmed teenagers will force newspaper editors to engage in “dialogue”. A person who seriously entertains the idea is deeply, deeply deranged.
Regardless of whatever ideology Mr. Breivik might adhere to, his belief in mass killing as an effective means to achieve dialogue with media moguls is totally disconnected from it. Whether his cause is “racial hygiene”, environmentalism, socialism, or the need for fluoridating the water supply, the means he employed to promote it have nothing to do with it.
It’s easy to see why the MSM wanted to bury this half of the letter. It shows them up as gullible fools who took a shrewd psychopathic killer at his word, and parroted the exact line expected of them. Their case against the Counterjihad as “Breivik’s mentors” has been totally destroyed. As a result, they’re no longer interested in discussing the topic.
The Butcher of Utøya positively gloats over how easy it was to fool them:
When dealing with media psychopaths, a good way to counter their tactics is to use double-psychology, or at least so I thought. The compendium was, among other things, of a calculated and quite cynical (gateway-design) (the 2+?+?=6-approach), created to strengthen the ethnocentrist wing in the contra-jihad movement, by pinning the whole thing on the anti-ethnocentrist wing (many of the leaders are pro-multiculti social democrats or liberalists), while at the same time protecting and strengthening the ethnocentrist-factions. The idea was to manipulate the MSM and others so that they would launch a witch-hunt and send their <
> against our opponents. It worked quite well.
…The (hug-your-opponents, kick-the-ones-you-love)-tactic is one of the oldest in the book. The infiltration of the Freemasons, followed by the publication of the Freemason-pic, was in fact a deliberate and calculated attack against them.
And what about the man who was allegedly Mr. Breivik’s greatest inspiration?
A man who was hounded out of anonymity by the Norwegian media and turned into Public Enemy Number Two? A writer who would have been prosecuted alongside the killer, if certain opinion-writers had their way? An academic who was threatened with death, forced from his job, and driven into exile?
I refer, of course, to Fjordman. Here’s what Anders Behring Breivik had to say about his supposed mentor:
When the norwegian MSM announced that Fjordman was my role model and idol, they couldnt be more wrong.
Furthermore, according to the killer, Fjordman is actually in league with — gasp! — THE JEWS. Mr. Breivik maintains that Fjordman — who, if you believe the Norwegian media, is at least as vicious a Nazi as Heinrich Himmler — actually commands a “Jewish network”:
I know a lot of people will be dissapointed when reading this, but my love for Israel is limited to its future function as a deportation-port for disloyal jews. I am aware of the sad fact that all available statistics confirm that only aprox. three percent of eurojews oppose multiculti (but from an anti-islamist perspective), and that only aprox. 0,2 percent support nordic indigenous rights. I wish it wasnt so… However, there is in fact a strong anti-nordicist/ethnocentrist wing within the counter-jihad movement, represented by Fjordman and his Jewish network, the EDL-leader, the SIOE-leaders, Wilders, Farage etc., but their organisations are so heavily infiltrated by nordicists and ethnocentrists that its hard to say which wing are actually controlling them.
…This makes it even more ironic that many nordicists and ethnocentric nationalists, Stormfront included, still dont know that I systematically used double-psychology in order to protect them, and in an attempt to prevent the multiculti MSM from using their (I-win-button).
…I could have easily avoided excessive pathologisation by keeping the message short and by clinging to the already established ideological cliff of national socialism (its important to remember that this was at a time when all right wing radicals were labeled as nazis), but if they had been allowed to label me as a nazi, the ideological considerations and discussions would be over, and my court-speeches and propaganda performance would never be broadcasted world wide, during the trial. Furthermore, people would not be forced to seek answers in the compendium along the way. Regardless of their efforts, I felt I managed to make the best out of an almost impossible situation, despite of the fact that I made a few mistakes during the process.
The mainstream media have been had.
They were played like a fiddle by Anders Behring Breivik, and now they know it.
That’s why they’re keeping quiet. They’re hoping that this snippet of news can remain their little secret. If they can keep it quiet, they won’t have anything to worry about for twenty years until the killer gets out of prison. But, hey — most of them will be retired and drawing their generous state pensions by then, so what difference does it make?
And Mr. Breivik has plenty of time to change his story again between now and then. It could be that he was secretly a Scientologist all this time. Or a Flat Earth devotee. Or a Truther.
I know people who are taking bets on when he will convert to Islam.
Regardless of what narrative the madman finally settles on, the fact remains that his original story — the one that gullible Norwegian journalists bought hook, line, and sinker — has been revealed as pure hokum.
Below is the full text of the “ideological” portion of the letter sent to the media by Anders Behring Breivik. The original image-based PDF of the letter is available for download here.
The original spelling, punctuation, and capitalization have been retained:
Explanations, clarifications and the peace proposal – NRK, TV2, Aftenposten, VG and Dagbladet (the big five),are refusing to consider
The ideology known as (nordicism) has two wings; nordic superiority (NS) and nordic survival (indigenous rights activism). Being a nordicist of the latter category; my primary purpose is to contribute to secure the survival and prosperity of the nordic ethnic family (the nordic, race). National socialists and hitlerists refer to the west-nordic people as the (aryan race). There are three european races; nordic (physical characteristics: blonde/blue eyed/longer forehead/etc.), alpine (half nordic/half mediterranean – f. example the french) and mediterranean – f. example most people in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece etc.). <
> are aprox. 20 percent nordic and 80 percent asiatic. The essence of nordicism isnt to exclude or discriminate but to strive for the pure nordic ideal. Wiki Madison Grant for more in info. Whenever a northern-european nationalist is talking about the genocide, deconstruction or ethnic cleansing of his people, he is talking about the following (illustration box):
Overview: The estimated time until extinction for the nordic ethnic family if our survival is not secured: ethnic composition-13 nordic countries in percent. Nordic vs. non-nordic. Overview of the 13 largest nordic countries where nordics have status as an indigenous people and until recently made out the majority: Germany, England, the Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Norway, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Finland, Iceland and Luxembourg.
The estimated time until extinction for the nordic race occurs some time between 2050 and 2100. Presupposes todays non-nordic immigration of 1% per year, todays fertility rate, and that nordics are not granted autonomous indigenous states. The biggest threat is neither african nor asian immigration, but in fact inter-EEC immigration from members from the mediterranean ethnic family and from the alpine.
When dealing with media-psychopaths
And this is where it gets problematic. The (big five) and liberal media in general have over the last 68 years developed multiple supression-tactics for (handling) nordicists and other nationalists. Propaganda, or the use of false or exhagerated information for the support of a view or case, has been used for thousands of years to supress political opposition, and unfortunately its quite effective.
All research, illustrated by a report published in
, Jan/Feb. 2013, shows that the professions; “Media (TV/Radio)” and “Journalists” top the list over the most psychopathic professions, as they are among the most notorious manipulators, liars and deceivers. When a journalist in addition is a leftist, who is tasked with making an < > characteristic of a (right wing extremist), you know that the result will be everything but credible.
The editors of Norways (big five) are even more leftist than their colleagues in other countries, with exceptions being Sweden and Germany. Most, if not all, of the influential editors are disciples of the 68-revolutions ideals. F. example the chief editor in Aftenposten; Haugsgjerd, is a former member of AKP (Workers Communist Party), which used to make <
> of right wing politicians, and several of Dagbladets editors are self-proclaimed communists. Unfortunately, Norwegian and northern-european editors are such people. The most influential editors in Norway, f. example Stanghelle, Giever, Strand, several in NRK etc., are so influential that they, a small group of no more than 20 editors, literally define reality, in Norway. The editors in NRK, Aftenposten and VG are referred to as < > by smaller media companies, and are known for their consensus-decisions and left wing orientation. The northern-european medias zero-tolerance stance towards nationalists the last 68 years has been our greatest problem.
Although the british cultural elite admitted in 2008/09 that nordic brits are in fact indigenous to the UK, their norwegian colleagues are still refusing to acknowledge the fact that nordic-norwegians are indigenous to Norway. These 20 editors are simply refusing to discuss the issue, and if you try to stress the issue you will be labeled as a Nazi and held accountable for the jewish holocaust etc, an effective supression-tactic.
22/7 was an attempt to force these 20 editors, and their colleagues in the other 12 nordic countries into dialogue with their countrys nordicist-movements (you call them Nazi-movements). The compendium was an experimental approach. I wanted to try a different approach by making it impossible for the MSM in all 13 nordic countries to end the discussion, using the Nazi-tactic. I was obviously naive enough to think that this approach would lead to a scenario where there could be a serious discussion about the MSMs 68-year witch-hunt and about securing nordic survival.
If I could say anything to the editors in NRK, TV2, Aftenposten, VG, Dagbladet, and their northern-european colleagues, it would be; can we please just skip all the false propaganda and B.S. and focus on solving these issues through dialogue. You can start by announcing a formal apology and declare that the nordics are indeed indigenous to all 13 nordic countries. Afterwards, you can accept the invitation to dialogue with the nordicist-movements. Lets start discussing <
>. My book; (The Nordic Federation) describes this peace-plan through 400 pages, but, it has been blocked by norwegian prison authorities since 11.07.13. Its also important to note that (Project Yggdrasil) was developed after 22/7 and has nothing to do with the compendium. Securing the survival of our nordic race is an issue of utmost urgency. Consider this a formal invitation to reconciliation-talks, talks which should have taken place in 1945. I would have been able to contact the nordicist-leaders in all 13 countries, if it werent for the letter ban. Whatever you choose, know that you, the editors, have the influence to decide wether this conflict will end. Be smart, choose dialogue in stead of persecution, for the first time in 68 years.
The reason I chose another (sales narrative) in the compendium was among other things to prevent them from immediately ending the ideological discussion with their (6-million-omg-nazi-enough-said)- bashing stick. I know a lot of people will be dissapointed when reading this, but my love for Israel is limited to its future function as a deportation-port for disloyal jews. I am aware of the sad fact that all available statistics confirm that only aprox. three percent of eurojews oppose multiculti (but from an anti-islamist perspective), and that only aprox. 0,2 percent support nordic indigenous rights. I wish it wasnt so. The reason why so called (counterjihadists), at least the great majority, seemingly <
> Israel, is to avoid the above described supression-tactic. However, there is in fact a strong anti-nordicist/ethnocentrist wing within the counter-jihad movement, represented by Fjordman and his Jewish network, the EDL-leader, the SIOE-leaders, Wilders, Farage etc., but their organisations are so heavily infiltrated by nordicists and ethnocentrists that its hard to say which wing are actually controlling them.
When dealing with media psychopaths, a good way to counter their tactics is to use double-psychology, or at least so I thought. The compendium was, among other things, of a calculated and quite cynical (gateway-design) (the 2+?+?=6-approach), created to strengthen the ethnocentrist wing in the contra-jihad movement, by pinning the whole thing on the anti-ethnocentrist wing (many of the leaders are pro-multiculti social democrats or liberalists), while at the same time protecting and strengthening the ethnocentrist-factions. The idea was to manipulate the MSM and others so that they would launch a witch-hunt and send their (media-rape-squads) against our opponents. It worked quite well.
I was never kicked out of Stormfront. In stead, I attacked them in the compendium in order to protect them, as I knew the authorities would use the fact that I frequented the site, against them, and that an army of leftist journalists otherwise would strike hard. I tried to hint about this double-psychology, by quoting (war is deceit) x number of times, but I couldnt make it more obvious, as it had to be credible to the aggressive army of 2000 media psychopaths (the MSM-rape-squad). The (hug-your-opponents, kick-the-ones-you-love)-tactic is one of the oldest in the book. The infiltration of the Freemasons, followed by the publication of the Freemason-pic, was in fact a deliberate and calculated attack against them.
Obviously, none of the above would have worked if it wasnt credible. When I tried to publish three essays describing all of this, on 20.08.12, I was notified about the (gag-directive) which came into effect 08.08.12. Apparently, many people didnt comprehend my deliberate usage of double-psychology, and this is my own fault. In any case, the Fjordman-network figured it out quite early, which explain why they have attacked me so viciously. It wasnt my intention to cause the outing of Fjordman, with subsequently he being brutally media-raped by 200 MSM-psychopaths. But on the other hand, ethnocentrism gained momentum at the same time as I managed to prevent a significant crackdown against the european and US nordicist movement.
There has been an active power-struggle between the two factions within the contra-jihadist movement for years, and the reason why its so critically important to dominate and influence this movement is because it acts as a (supplier of terms) to moderate european nationalist parties with a base consisting of tens of millions of europeans. The battle within the (counter-jihad)-movement is in many ways a battle for the future content of northern-european nationalism. This makes it even more ironic that many nordicists and ethnocentric nationalists, Stormfront included, still dont know that I systematically used double-psychology in order to protect them, and in an attempt to prevent the multiculti MSM from using their (I-win-button).
Did I serve the nordicist cause more effectively by using this tactic, rather than using rhetoric which would immediately allow them to label me as a nazi? I believe so, but other than me should be the final judge of that.
When dealing with an angry mob of influential journalists and editors representing the worlds most advanced propaganda machinery, youre fundamentally screwed no matter how you choose to maneuvre. Propagandists will not waste a single second on people they do not view as threats. I could have easily avoided excessive pathologisation by keeping the message short and by clinging to the already established ideological cliff of national socialism (its important to remember that this was at a time when all right wing radicals were labeled as nazis), but if they had been allowed to label me as a nazi, the ideological considerations and discussions would be over, and my court-speeches and propaganda performance would never be broadcasted world wide, during the trial. Furthermore, people would not be forced to seek answers in the compendium along the way. Regardless of their efforts, I felt I managed to make the best out of an almost impossible situation, despite of the fact that I made a few mistakes during the process.
As for my efforts to try to force the editors and ruling politicians in each of the 13 nordic countries into dialogue with the nordicist-movements, I failed miserably, not surprisingly. It is after all a theoretical impossibility that a single soldier could manage to succeed where potent movements have failed for 68 years. But everyone should know that 22/7 happened in order to try to force a dialogue between the chief editors in the (big five) in all 13 nordic countries, and the so called <
> in the corresponding countries.
I remember there was at least one journalist during the trial touching the core of this issue, as he stated; (The only thing that could prevent the extinction of nordics are racial hygiene-programmes on a full scale, something which is impossible in todays multiethnic and multicultural societies. Therefore, it is pointless to enter into dialogue with “these people”. We simply cant co-exist with them). First of all, we are of course fully aware of the fact that you feel you have no other choice than to supress us, due to this reason. And you have been brutal the past 68 years. This harsh supression and persecution has driven thousands of nationalists in northern-europe to suicide, something which explains why these editors dont like to admit to being responsible for these acts. However, if only more than one out of 5000 nordic journalists could be this honest, 22/7 and aprox. 500 annual nationalist and (racist) attacks could be avoided in the future.
Of course we understand that full scale racial hygiene-programmes are difficult in todays societies. But if they had just stopped their bigotry for one second and listened to what we have to say, they would have learned that we can coexist. First of all, one of the reasons the first- and second-generation nordicist leaders have failed with entering into dialogue, is because of their (all-or-nothing)-strategy. From a “third-generation” point of view, considering that we lost the european civil war (WW2), the (all-or-nothing)-approach has been a complete failure, and continuing this path is counter-productive, irresponsible and may lead to extinction of the nordic race. Changing this to an <
>-approach is the only way to go. One bird in the hand is better than ten on the roof. (Project Yggdrasil) is a very good solution and a realistic compromise.
I believe I will be able to sell in PY to the vast majority of nordicist-leaders in all 13 nordic countries, as soon as you lift the letter ban. The message I would send to the chief editors in NRK, TV2, Aftenposten, VG and Dagbladet, is; I ask that you support (project yggdrasil) in Norway, contributing to a situation where we are allowed to secure nordic-norwegian survival in (Norway-Yggdrasil), a norwegian-nordic indigenous state located in Østfold, consisting of two percent of the norwegian territory. Its also a very small price to pay in order to end a 68 year old conflict. If an agreement is reached you will be free to transform 98 percent of Norway into your multiethnic and multicultural utopia, without the risk of facing the alternative. This model would succeed in northern-Europe, just as it would succeed on a purely political level – securing peace between (islamofascists) on one side, and liberalists/social democrats on the other, in countries such as Egypt and Pakistan.
Im quite sure that project yggdrasil in Norway, and in the other 12 nordic countries, would solve a conflict which has been unsolved during the last 68 years. I ask that Im allowed to present this peace plan to the leading nordicist voices in Norway; Tore Tvedt, Varg Vikernes, Erik Blucher, Nicolay Kvisler and others (no need to target them, as they are all non-militant political activists). Securing nordic survival is the most important cause for all of us, and I believe they will be willing to abandon their (all-or-nothing)-approach, for the sake of a small but sovereign indigenous state.
If my assumption is correct, then a peace agreement can be reached within a year, if the chief editors in NRK, TV2, Aftenposten, VG and Dagbladet decide to support the plan, and the same could be a reality for the rest of northern-Europe within two years, if movements in these countries follow.
The forming of a parliamentary basis for the founding of this autonomous norwegian-nordic indigenous state in south-west Østfold will only be possible with the backing of the editors in these five companies, as they define the political agenda in Norway. Not a single parliament member in Norway will ever dare to back project yggdrasil without the blessing from the editors in these companies.
If these editors continue to refuse to have anything to do with me, the above mentioned individuals are all capable. They are the unofficial leaders of the norwegian nordicist movement, through example, personal sacrifice and continued effort, whether they like it or not. When the norwegian MSM announced that Fjordman was my role model and idol, they couldnt be more wrong. These four individuals, on the other hand, are all worthy of trust, respect and praise, due to their past and continued efforts. Their advice and recommendations should be listened to by all norwegian nationalists. Furthermore, the candidates they support can be trusted. I hope they soon will contribute to take responsibility by uniting the norwegian nationalist movement by forming an equivalent entity to that of the Swedes Party. The reason Im saying all of this is because its likely Ill soon be <
>, as I wont be able to survive the SHS-programme for much longer.
Unfortunately but not surprisingly, the response from editors to the mentioned information will either be total silence or even more ridicule and pathologisation. After this letter Ill probably have +2 conditions and +3 personality disorders, or perhaps the imaginary (bad childhood) will end up being worse. But before these editors reject (Project Yggdrasil), and of course they will; they should ask them-selves; are you 100 percent sure that dialogue and reconciliation-attempts isnt the way forward?
In any case, their limitless bigotry and denial, until now, has at least been quite amusing.
Readers who find any OCR errors that I missed are invited to leave corrections in the comments, and I will amend the text accordingly.
***NoisyRoom.net Note: Minor punctuation adjustments have been made to the text so it would render correctly on this blog.